Here are a few definitions/questions that I’m getting in the comments that I’ll answer right here:
- Lame Duck: This is the President or Congress at the end of his term; he loses power as a new President/Congress are coming in.
- President-Elect: A newly elected, yet still powerless, President.
- Why is the Constitution a “living document?” Because the Amendment process allows it to change with time, expanding rights and expanding them to new people. The Constitution should change dramatically, but evolve slowly over time as all “living” things do.
- Specific powers of a President are listed in the Article 2 notes (commander-in-chief, pardon, executive order, veto, etc.). The Prez’s power IS the executive power!
- Quorum is the minimum number of people that need to be present before a vote is allowed on a bill/action in the Senate or House.
- The “elastic clause” is in Article 1, giving Congress the ability to stretch it’s power to cover all things “necessary and proper” and for the “general welfare.”
- Federalism – the division of power between the state (IL state gov) and national (Prez, Congress). It allows states to be unique and different, yet united under one powerful central gov’t.
- Tapirs – some weird animal Alex Johnson likes :)
- Whip – a Representative who “gets” the other Reps to vote the way his party leadership wants them to.
- The Speaker is so powerful because she controls all legislation via rules and committee. Don’t worry, not a test question though.
- The Line of Succession is in the Art. 2 notes. It’s simply an order of who takes over for the Prez.
- Don’t worry about Const. influences. (just state of nature and such)
- 3 leaders in Congress are Speaker, VP, and Pres. Pro Tempore.
- Our gov’t needs us to be educated and dedicated citizens to be successful.